The Rational and Reasonable Part of Personality is Known as the

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You may be trying to answer questions about personality and one of the questions asks you about the term of the rational and reasonable part of personality. Do you want to know the answer to this question? Let’s find out about it here.

The Term of Rational and Reasonable Part of Personality and the Other Quizzes About Personality

You may wonder the answer of the term of rational and reasonable part of personality. You are able to check it below together with the other questions about personality according to Quizlet.

  • The rational and reasonable part of personality is known as the…

Answer: Ego

  • Which school of thought emphasized how people process information?

Answer: Cognitive psychology

  • The id is the …

Answer: unconscious part of personality responsible for drives like sex and aggression

  • William James was best known for …

Answer: Functionalism

  • … psychology seeks to study the genetic causes of behavior.

Answer: Evolutionary

  • Which school of thought which stressed the development of a healthy and effectively-functioning person?

Answer: Humanistic psychology

  • Psychology is defined as the …

Answer: scientific study of behavior and mental processes

  • According to the … model, health and illness are determined by psychological, biological and social factors.

Answer: Biopsychosocial

  • Which school of thought which stressed the use of introspection to categorize and break down sensations into basic elements?

Answer: Structuralism

  • The cognitive revolution started as a result of …

Answer: Humanistic Psychology being an invalid study of behavior

  • Which school of thought stressed observable behavior and objectivity?

Answer: Behaviorism

  • Two people may look at the identical image but perceive different things. This phenomenon is studied by …

Answer: Gestalt psychologist

  • The psychoanalytic school of psychology stresses …

Answer: The unconscious and early childhood experiences

  • Functionalist Psychologists focused on the function of behavior and …

Answer: The operation of the whole mind rather than individual parts

  • Who was the most interested in studying how behavior is learned?

Answer: B.F. Skinner

  • … psychologists stressed the importance of thoughts and internal mental states instead of just observable actions.

Answer: Cognitive

  • Psychoanalytic theory focuses on … and early childhood experiences.

Answer: a person’s unconscious

  • Which approach to psychology focuses on attaining self-actualization?

Answer: Humanistic Psychology

  • Thinking, intelligence, language and problem solving are all areas that are of particular interest to a … psychologist.

Answer: Cognitive

Now, let’s see the explanation about Ego, Id and Superego.

What are Ego, Id and Superego?

According to the Lumen Learning site about Introduction to Psychology, here is the explanation about Id, Ego and Superego. Freud in his structural model of personality divides the personality into three parts. The id, the ego and the superego are those three parts. What are the differences among these terms? The id is defined as the unconscious part which is the cauldron of raw drives such as for aggression and sex. How about the ego? It is defined as the rational and reasonable part of personality and it has conscious and unconscious elements. The function of ego is to maintain contact with the outside world to keep the individual in touch with society, and to do this it mediates between the conflicting tendencies of the id and the superego. Now, how about the superego? It is a person’s conscience, which develops early in life and it is learned from parents, teachers and others. Similar to ego, there are conscious and unconscious elements in the superego. If all three parts of the personality are in dynamic equilibrium, the person is thought to be mentally healthy. Let’s say that the ego is not able to mediate between id and the superego. If so, an imbalance is believed to happen in the form of psychological distress.

Knowing More About Ego as the Rational Part of Personality

According to Very Well Mind, here is the explanation about Ego as the Rational Part of Personality.

Sigmund Freud stated that the ego is part of personality that functions to mediate the demands of the id, the superego and reality. He also gave a description about the id as the most basic part of personality that urges people to fulfill their most primal needs. The superego is the moralistic part of personality that forms later in childhood as a result of upbringing and social influences.

The ego avoids us from acting on our basic urges which are created by the id. However, it also works to get a balance with our moral and idealistic standards which are created by the superego. The ego runs in the preconscious and conscious, but its strong ties to the id means that it also runs in the unconscious.

The ego runs based on the reality principle. It works to fulfill the desires of id which is realistic and socially appropriate. Let’s take an example. Let’s say that there is a person who cuts you off in traffic. So, the ego will avoid you from pursuing the car and physically attacking the driver which is offending. The ego will permit you to see that this response would be unacceptable socially. However, it also permits you to know that there are other more appropriate means of venting your frustration.

Freud wrote a book entitled New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis published in 1933, and in that book he made a comparison about the relationship between the id and the ego to that of a horse and rider. The horse acts as the id which is a powerful force that offers the energy to propel forward motion. The rider acts as the ego which is the guiding force that directs the power of the id to a goal.

Freud noted that this relationship did not always go as planned. If the situation is less ideal, a rider may find himself simply along for the ride as he permits his horse to go in the direction the animal wants to go.

Anna Freud in her book entitled The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defense which was published in 1936 stated that all of the ego’s defenses against the id were done behind the scenes. The defense mechanism is the term of these measures against the id and they are carried out silently and invisibly by the ego.

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