iCivics has become popular, especially during the pandemic when most people are forced to be at home. This one is known as a non-profit organization in the United States. It provides educational online games and lesson plans to promote civics education. Besides, it also encourages the students to become active citizens.
There are a number of things that are taught on iCivics. One of them is called the judicial branch. What is the judicial branch? Judicial branch is the name of a thing that is responsible for determining the things implied by the regulations. Not only that, it is also responsible for how to implement them in actual life and whether or not a law violates the values of the state. The constitution is known as the ultimate law of a nation.
In order to know the judicial branch in a flash, it is better for you to know what it includes. For those who are wondering what the judicial branch includes, it is the Supreme Court, the one that is known as the highest authority of the nation. The thing called the Supreme Court consists of a total of 9 justices. All of them are nominated by the President and ratified by Parliament. Through the judicial branch, the judges will be able to hear every single case that has passed.
By learning the judicial branch in a flash, the students should be able to do a few things, such as identifying the basic levels and functions of the judicial branch, comparing the three levels of the court system, and demonstrating the process of a case as it moves through the judicial system.
After learning about the judicial branch, the students will usually have to take a test about it. If you are one of the teachers, you can check out the judicial branch in a flash answer key below. As for the students, you can also do the same thing. However, it is better for you to do that before the test. Use the following for learning instead of cheating.
Complete the Sentence. Use terms and ideas that you learned in this lesson to finish each statement.
- The only court the Constitution creates is the Supreme Court.
- The two court systems in the United States are the state and federal court systems.
- Two kinds of legal cases are civil and criminal cases.
- The job of the Court of Appeals is to see if the trial court made a mistake.
- It’s difficult to take a case to the Supreme Court because the Supreme Court chooses which cases to hear and they don’t choose very many.
- If you lose a case in the trial court, you can appeal to a higher court.
- If an appellate court affirms a case, it means the verdict stays the same.
- If a law is unconstitutional, the Supreme Court can strike it down.
- Evidence is used for proving that one person’s side of the story is what really happened.
- A trial with no jury is called a bench trial.
Making Comparisons. Decide whether each description fits trial courts only, appellate courts only, or both, and write the letter of the description in the correct part of the diagram. The first one is done for you.
A. Hears civil cases
B. Might have a jury trial
C. Does not hear cases for the first time
D. Hears criminal cases
E. Reviews a verdict to look for mistakes
F. Usually has three-judge panels
G. Hears cases for the first time
H. Works with laws
Order in the Court! Number each set of events to put the three events in the correct order.
2 The Court of Appeals remands the case
3 A new trial begins
1 The first verdict is appealed
1 Trial is held in the District Court
3 The Supreme Court agrees to hear the case
2 An appeal is made to the Court of Appeals
2 Evidence is presented to the jury
1 The members of the jury are chosen
3 The jury returns a verdict
3 The Supreme Court strikes down the law
2 Supreme Court hears a case about the law
1 Congress passes a law
1. Number of court systems in the U.S. (TWO)
3. Group of people who decide a case after hearing the evidence (JURY)
6. When an appellate court upholds a verdict (AFFIRM)
7. What appellate judges look for when they review a case (MISTAKE)
8. Something that goes against the Constitution (UNCONSTITUTIONAL)
9. Number of justices on the Supreme Court (NINE)
10. Taking a case through the court system is like an (ELEVATOR)
11. When an appellate court rejects a verdict (REVERSE)
14. This court gets to choose which cases to hear (SUPREMECOURT)
18. Type of court that reviews the trial court’s decision (APPELLATE)
19. The Supreme Court’s power to decide what is constitutional (JUDICIALREVIEW)
23. When there is more than one judge, the group of judges is called (PANEL)
24. The lowest court in the federal system (DISTRICTCOURT)
25. Choosing between the federal or state court system depends on the __involved in the case (LAWS)
1. The first court to hear a case (TRIALCOURT)
2. People or things that can prove one side’s version of what happened (EVIDENCE)
4. When an appellate court sends a case back to the trial court (REMAND)
5. One kind of evidence (WITNESS)
11. What an appellate court does with a case (REVIEW)
12. The document that created the judicial branch (CONSTITUTION)
13. Type of case relating to peoples’ rights (CIVIL)
14. Court system that deals with state laws (STATE)
15. Court system that deals with United States laws (FEDERAL)
16. What a judge wears (ROBE)
17. One kind of evidence (PHOTOGRAPH)
20. Type of case about someone accused of committing a crime (CRIMINAL)
21. Asking an appellate court to review a case (APPEAL)
22. Type of trial that has no jury (BENCHTRIAL)