Gizmos Cell Structure Answer Key

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Gizmo is a learning platform which allows the students to learn math and science. Cell Structure is one of the science subjects that the students will learn through Gizmo. If you want to take the Cell Structure test and need the answer to pass the test, you are able to find them through this article.

Gizmos Cell Structure Answers

We are going to show you some answers to the Cell Structure Gizmo test go to link here.

  1. What are some of the structures inside a cell that help it to live and perform its role in an organism?
    Answer: Ribosomes, Nucleus, Chloroplast, etc
  2. How do you think plant cells differ from animal cells? (What can plants do that animals cannot?)
    Answer: Animal cells do not have a cell wall while plant cells do
  3. Find the centrioles (Highlighted in green). Please make a sketch of the centrioles in the space below. Either hand draw in the space or edit using the drawing tools.
  4. Read the description of the centrioles. What is their function?
    Answer: Centrioles organize and package proteins

Question: Organelles are specialized structures that perform various functions in the cell. What are the functions of the organelles in an animal cell?

  1. Label: Locate each organelle in the animal cell. Please label the organelles in the diagram.
  2. Match: Read about each organelle. Then, match each organelle to its functions/description.
H Cytoplasm A. Structure that organizes motion of chromosomes
E Lysosome B. Stack of the membranes that packages chemicals
F Mitochondria C. Membrane that protects the nucleus
A Centriole D. Membrane which surrounds and protects the cell
G Endoplasmic reticulum E. Sac filled with digestive chemicals
M Vacuole F. Structures that convert nutrients to energy
D Cell Membrane G. Passageways where chemicals are made
J Nucleus H. Jelly-like substance within the cell membrane
N Cytoskeleton I. Structure that manufactures ribosomes
L Ribosome J. Structure which contains DNA and regulates genes
C Nuclear membrane K. Package created by the Golgi apparatus
B Golgi apparatus L. Small structure that synthesizes proteins
K Vesicle M. Sac which stores water, nutrients, or waste products
I Nucleolus N. Tubules and filaments which give the cell its shape
  1. Investigate: Select the Cell membrane. Turn on Show closeup. Read the description, watch the animation and answer the following questions below.

A. What kind of molecules diffuse (go through) the cell membrane directly?
Answer: Small, uncharged molecules.
B. How can some large molecules and charged ions get through the cell membrane?
Answer: With the help of special transport proteins

  1. Investigate: Select the Nuclear membrane closeup. How is the unclear membrane similar to the cell membrane?

Answer: It lets small molecules pass through

  1. Investigate: Select the Mitochondrion closeup. What happens inside the mitochondrion?

Answer: Glucose is broken down into smaller molecules

  1. Investigate: Select the Ribosome closeup. How does the cell make proteins inside the ribosome?

Answer: Individual amino acids are bound together to create a long chain which then folds to make a protein

  1. Investigate: Select the Vesicle closeup. How do vesicles move through the cell?

Answer: They are pulled along the cytoskeleton by a protein called kinesin

Question: What functions do the organelles in a plant cell perform?

  1. Label: Locate each organelle in the plant cell. Label the organelles in the diagram below.
  2. Compare:
    What structures are present in an animal cell, but not in a plant cell?
    Answer: Animal cells have centrioles and lysosomes, plant cells do not.
    What structures are present in a plant cell, but not in an animal cell?
    Answer: Plant cells have cell walls and animal cells don’t.
  3. Fill in: Name the organelle or organelles that perform each of the following functions.
    A. _________ convert sunlight to chemical energy
    Answer: Photosynthesis
    B. The _____, the _____ and the _____ support the plant cell and help it to maintain its shape.
    Answer: Cell Wall, Cell membrane, Cytoskeleton
    C. _____ store food or pigments
    Answer: Vacuoles
    D. _____ convert food into energy. They are found in plant and animal cells.
    Answer: Mitochondrion

Question: Organelles are specialized structures that perform various functions in the cell. What are the functions of the organelles in an animal cell?

  1. Label: Locate each organelle in the animal cell. Label the organelles in the diagram below.
  2. Match: Read about each organelle. Then, match each organelle to its function/description.
D Capsule A.      Hair-like structure that the cell uses for movement
C Nucleoid B.      Hair-like structure that attaches the cell to a surface and can transfer genetics material from one cell to another
E Plasmid C.      Region inside the cell that contains genetics material but is not surrounded by a nuclear membrane
A Flagellum D.     Outermost layer of the cell that provides protection
B Plus E.      Circular piece of genetic material
  1. Compare:

A. What structures are present in a bacterial cell, but not in a plant or animal cell?
Answer: Flagellum, Pilus, Capsule, Plasmid, and Nucleoids
B. What structures are present in plant and animal cells, but not in a bacterial cell?
Answer: Vesicles, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Nucleus, Nucleolus, and a Nuclear membrane.
C. What structures inside plant and animal cells look like bacteria?
Answer: The mitochondria and chloroplasts.

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